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FAQ

Fuel For A Mindful World

FuelPositive receives questions every day from interested investors and stakeholders. In the interest of providing as much transparency as possible, we have compiled and curated our answers, organized by subject. These FAQs are regularly updated and added to as we learn more and receive additional questions.

Investment Details

FuelPositive is traded in Canada on the TSX-V under the trading symbol NHHH.V.

In the U.S. FuelPositive is traded on the OTCQB under the trading symbol NHHH.F.

Business Model

FuelPositive is playing an active role in revolutionizing the clean energy industry through a number of viable technologies. We are in the growth stage with our core product – carbon-free ammonia (NH3) – having passed beyond the research and development stage to focus on the successful commercialization of our intellectual property assets. We are also progressing with our supercapacitor technology and are exploring other technologies that would be viable and aligned with our vision of a sustainably powered world. For more details on our Business Model, please click here.

 

We believe that immediate action must be taken to eliminate carbon emissions now. Consider the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report released August 9, 2021. The report shows that the role of human influence on the climate system is undisputed, but that human actions still have the potential to determine the future course of climate. According to a news release issued by IPCC: “The evidence is clear that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main driver of climate change, even as other greenhouse gases and air pollutants also affect the climate.” IPCC Working Group Co-Chair Panmao Zhai stated: “Stabilizing the climate will require strong, rapid, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reaching net zero CO2 emissions.”

We are looking for partners related to the demonstration of our systems and, as a pre-revenue company, we are always cognizant of our funding status .

 

We have every confidence in our technology and we are busy building prototype systems now (with funding we have already raised). The prototypes are being built with the support of National Compressed Air and we expect field-ready systems will be ready to deploy early in 2022.

 

After that, we plan to have a number of pilot projects to demonstrate our system in the field. We are targeting the agriculture sector first because it uses 80% of the traditional ammonia currently produced. We are identifying ideal partners to conduct those demonstration pilot projects now so we can move into action as quickly as possible in 2022.

 

While we have funding in place today to deploy our initial demonstration systems, we are talking with governments and exploring other avenues to expand our demonstration plans.

 

As all of that is going on, we are developing plans for large-scale manufacturing. We are also looking for partners to produce conversion kits for converting fossil-fuel-powered engines to run on our carbon-free NH3.

 

All of this is challenging, but we are receiving a great deal of enthusiastic interest so we are confident we will continue to move ahead according to our plan. Meanwhile, the cost of renewable electricity generation is dropping and people all around the world are finally understanding that stopping greenhouse gas emissions is at a crisis point. So mostly, we see opportunity.

Our business model is to manufacture and distribute the units under the FuelPositive brand.

We are currently producing our first prototypes, which will be completed by the end of 2021. Throughout 2022, we will launch a number of pilot projects to demonstrate our technology in the field – in a variety of settings and sectors. So, it is probably safe to say that we will be able to manufacture systems sometime during 2022 – initially in small quantities. Our intention is to develop a scaled manufacturing capacity to handle our full production demand .

It is very likely, though not a requirement, that the pilot projects we engage in will also provide income for the company. We expect that various participants in the pilot projects will have financial commitments to the success of each demonstration.

 

FuelPositive also expects significant revenue from the carbon credit value that will be generated as our carbon-free NH3 is produced. Our carbon-free NH3 is so efficient and energy dense that for each ton of production of our NH3, we will effectively reduce carbon emissions by more than 4 tons. When those emission reductions are converted into credits, we expect to see 2.5 carbon credits per ton of production of our NH3 for fertilizer and up to 5 credits for fossil fuel replacement applications in Canada alone. Consider other zero emission technology companies that have benefitted dramatically from the sale of carbon credits. Tesla is a prime example.

All of the above. We are already involved in conferences, direct marketing and partnerships. As we grow and become better known as a leader in the field, we will build a sales capability that ensures we will be the go-to source for developing and providing practical, clean, scalable and sustainable carbon-free technologies and products that can be implemented economically now.

By the end of 2022, we hope to have a number of pilot projects either wrapped up or in the field, and to have begun the process of manufacturing systems for sale around the world. For more details on our Business Model, please click here.

André Mech has been advising organizations and governments focused on sustainability, energy efficiency and carbon reduction worldwide since 2001 – most recently in North America and Europe. As one of the most knowledgeable emissions reduction and carbon credit specialists in the sector, he has assessed the emission profiles of hundreds of technologies. His expertise is already helping to guide us as we make critical decisions about the technologies we choose to develop and our market entry strategies. His analysis of our first product – carbon-free ammonia – is providing valuable insights into where and how we can have the most impact, looking at it sector by sector. He is also conducting due diligence on a possible new acquisition and providing counsel on the best way forward regarding carbon credits.

We will be aggressively working with our advisors to ensure we take advantage of all of the tax breaks and incentives that apply to us and to our customers and partners. We are  working intensely with Sussex Strategy Group to develop relationships with governments and key stakeholders in Canada and will set up similar relationships in other countries as we go forward. For more details on hiring Sussex Strategy Group, please click here.

 

Andre Mech is a strategic hire for us in this regard. As an expert in international carbon credits, he will play a critical role in introducing us to markets to compete in for space so we can have the greatest possible impact and benefit from appropriate tax breaks and incentives. For more details on hiring of Andre Mech and Carbon Credits, please click here.

This proprietary technology allows for increases in power and energy densities, charging speed, longevity, useful life and a lower cost per watt hour stored. Currently FuelPositive is working on improvements to this technology with a group associated with NASA and will provide updates as the improvements are independently certified.

 

The key global patents associated with this technology are all in place and actively maintained.

Competition

There is a lot of attention on green ammonia as a potential fossil fuel replacement with research being conducted around the world. Our competitive advantage in this space is the technology that FuelPositive acquired from Dr. Dincer and his team, delivers meaningful and demonstrable benefits over any existing process we have seen.

 

No other company has developed a production system that is economically viable, scalable, can be produced quickly and transported to where it is needed. Some are looking at blue ammonia, which involves complex and energy intensive carbon sequestration but our product is green:  carbon-free from start to finish. 

We have a patent pending on our core technology that produces ammonia efficiently with zero-carbon emission capabilities.

There are enough enterprises, provinces, states and countries that are avidly interested in green technology for us to perform extremely well. We believe in decentralization, so extremely large applications are not as interesting to us. We are also looking for solutions that can be implemented now – not 10 years from now because that will be too late. We will focus on partners who share our vision, mission and values. For more details on our Vision, Mission, Values, please click here.

 

We believe governments around the globe are coming to understand that immediate action must be taken in light of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report released August 9, 2021. The report shows that the role of human influence on the climate system is undisputed, but that human actions still have the potential to determine the future course of climate. According to a news release issued by IPCC: “The evidence is clear that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main driver of climate change, even as other greenhouse gases and air pollutants also affect the climate.” IPCC Working Group Co-Chair Panmao Zhai stated: “Stabilizing the climate will require strong, rapid, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reaching net zero CO2 emissions.”

Market Size

This is a complex question to answer. First, it’s important to understand that conventional ammonia production not only includes a tremendous amount of fossil fuel involvement in its manufacturing but, some analysts suggest that the transportation of ammonia makes up nearly 50% of its cost to the end-user! Not to mention adding dramatically to its carbon intense footprint!

One of the fundamental reasons why we are focussed on a decentralized, modular and scalable business model is to essentially eliminate the unsustainable supply chain associated with both ammonia manufacturing and distribution, but also eliminate the supply chain for fossil fuels, when green ammonia is considered as a viable fossil fuel replacement!

At this growth stage of our technology rollout it is impossible to state with accuracy what the potential marketshare penetration will be for the company. But, suffice to say, when farmers embrace the idea of a green fertilizer and energy independence the potential markets are virtually endless for the company.         

We are not concerned about having enough sustainable electricity to produce the volumes that will be needed.

 

The price of renewables is continually dropping and this will make them preferable to fossil fuels. According to a recent report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA): “The decade 2010 to 2020 saw renewable power generation becoming the default economic choice for new capacity. In that period, the competitiveness of solar (concentrating solar power, utility‑scale solar photovoltaic) and offshore wind all joined onshore wind in the same range of costs as for new capacity fired by fossil fuels, calculated without financial support. Indeed, the trend is not only one of renewables competing with fossil fuels, but significantly undercutting them, when new electricity generation capacity is required.”

 

We also believe that we have run out of choice – immediate action to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions must be taken in light of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report released August 9, 2021. The report shows that the role of human influence on the climate system is undisputed, but that human actions still have the potential to determine the future course of climate. According to a news release issued by IPCC: “The evidence is clear that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main driver of climate change, even as other greenhouse gases and air pollutants also affect the climate.” IPCC Working Group Co-Chair Panmao Zhai stated: “Stabilizing the climate will require strong, rapid, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reaching net zero CO2 emissions.”

 

In Canada alone, if only off-peak power from non-polluting electricity generation was used to produce carbon-free NH3 using FuelPositive’s production systems, 100% of the passenger and freight aviation and rail, passenger bus, freight trucking, freight rail and freight marine shipping in the country could be replaced by our carbon-free NH3. This alone would cut Canada’s greenhouse gases by over 15.3% significantly supporting our commitments under the Paris Agreement! Click here to view the Andre Mech Report.

Patent Protection

Yes, all of the relevant intellectual property is assigned to the company. We have a robust intellectual property protection program in place and have engaged the leading patent and trademarking law firm, Cassels Brock, to support our work.

 

Our core technology – carbon-free NH3 – was developed in Canada by Dr. Ibrahim Dincer. Dr. Dincer is a recognized world leader in hydrogen and ammonia technologies. The comprehensive provisional patent for that core technology has been filed and assigned to FuelPositive. The patent also includes a number of other technology initiatives related to the core technology that will be built upon further and appropriately protected.

We expect to file for multiple provisional patents over the coming quarters and will share these developments via news releases as appropriate.

Dr. Dincer and his team are strategic advisors and lead technologists to the company. They have a vested interest in the successful commercialization of the technology and work with us daily. Dr. Ghassan Chehade, co-inventor with Dr. Dincer, has also joined the staff of FuelPositive as Lead Engineer.

Our Carbon-Free NH3 System

Our partnership with National Compressed Air Canada (NCA) for the manufacturing of the Phase 2 commercial prototype system is progressing well. Dr. Ghassan Chehade, one of the co-inventors of the technology, named on the patent, has joined FuelPositive and is leading that initiative, working daily with NCA’s team. We expect to have completed prototypes by the end of 2021. Pilot projects in the agriculture sector and possibly the transportation sector will begin in early 2022, carrying on throughout the year. For more details on our Business Model, please click here.

It uses sustainable electricity, water and air to manufacture carbon-free NH3 in a low pressure and low temperature proprietary process. There is no waste. Sustainable electricity includes hydroelectric, wind, solar, recycled waste biomass and geothermal power. For more details on our Carbon-Free NH3, please click here.

FuelPositive believes that smaller and scalable, modular, carbon-free NH3 systems will meet with profoundly positive acceptance around the world. Worldwide, there is recognition of the need to shift to decentralized systems in order to reduce risk, spend less, improve efficiency, allow for independent access to commodities and reduce pollution.

 

Massive power plants, refineries, traditional ammonia and grid systems are expensive, inefficient, outdated and unsustainable. Centralized production facilities requiring complex infrastructure systems resulting in environmental degradation and supply chain disruptions.

 

Smaller systems, designed specifically for end-use applications, will allow farmers, transportation companies, transit commissions and isolated communities, (to name but a few) to have the means of production to meet their direct energy, fertilizer, refrigerant and chemical processing needs. This is a deeply liberating concept that will allow end-users to truly have independence from global systems that have profoundly and negatively affected the environment and economies for centuries.

First, we are focused on decentralizing the system, so traditional models of massive production and distribution applications aren’t of interest to us. We are favoring the concept of producing carbon-free NH3 onsite, where it will be used.

 

Our initial prototype systems are being built to be fully portable, with targeted capacity of 500 litres/day of anhydrous carbon-free ammonia. Output can absolutely be increased (or decreased) based on the end user requirements.

 

We have had some interest from people who want extremely small systems – to power a boat or a single-family home, for example. Our technology is extremely flexible and we do plan in the future to develop systems allowing individual end-users to benefit. Access to FuelPositive solutions should be universal.

The short answer is “yes”. As electricity is the primary input on our systems the cost of electricity has a direct affect on the cost per unit of carbon-free NH3. With the combination of sustainable sources becoming more and more cost effective and the ability for many end users of ammonia to produce their own sustainable electricity, the cost of in situ production of our NH3 will only decrease in time. Additionally, carbon credits, which have never been available for traditional ammonia manufacturing, will play a significant role in the end cost of our carbon-free NH3 production.

 

From an environmental perspective, if the power company’s source of electricity is sustainable, then you will be able to produce our carbon-free NH3. Sustainable electricity includes hydroelectric, wind, solar, waste biomass and geothermal power.

 

From a carbon emissions perspective, if the source of the electricity isn’t carbon-free, then the resultant ammonia is not carbon-free. So, a sustainable carbon-free source of electricity is a fundamental requirement.

While there are many variables to consider, FuelPositive’s process uses 30% less energy than current, traditional ammonia production.

 

But also keep in mind that you are producing an entirely carbon free form of ammonia, on site where you need it, without any of the supply chain and transportation issues that exist with traditional Ammonia. So all of the savings related to these facts will be available to the end-user.

That is not a simple question. As long as carbon-free NH3 is not more expensive than buying traditional ammonia, then it makes economic sense. We are doing our modeling to be able to answer that question soon, but you should also consider that cost isn’t the only consideration. There is an environmental imperative to be considered.

Our systems are modular and can be reconfigured with a seawater treatment process. There would be no complications and the cost would only reflect the upgrade to pre-treat sea water.

Our system will output a liquid form of carbon-free NH3 which farmers will use as fertilizer by injecting it deeply into the soil. Deep injection of liquid ammonia is already a common farming practice.

We are currently building our first prototypes and will have costing determined by the end of 2021. It is important to consider that the ultimate cost will be affected by the cost of the electricity required for our system to produce our carbon-free NH3. It takes 30% less energy to produce a litre our carbon-free NH3 than to produce a litre of traditional ammonia.

 

Our current business model is to manufacture the units for sale. We haven’t determined yet whether the systems will be for sale or for lease or both.

We are currently building our first prototypes and will have the energy requirements determined by the end of 2021. The amount of energy required will vary depending on the size of the system.

We are currently building our first prototypes and will have them completed by the end of 2021. Our initial prototypes have a targeted capacity of 500 litres per day of our carbon-free NH3, which would be the amount needed to fertilize a 30,000-acre farm over the course of a year. We will also be able to produce smaller and larger systems.

To store our carbon-free NH3 in large quantities, it is either liquefied under pressure (about 10 bar at 25°C) or is refrigerated (liquid point –33°C). It can be contained in tanks of carbon steel.

Carbon-Free NH3 Applications - General

With 200 million tons of dirty ammonia consumed worldwide per year (80%+ utilized by the agricultural sector), FuelPostive is initially targeting farming to realize the greatest and most immediate environmental impact. We are actively planning with farming partners who are deeply compelled by the potential of having in-situ FuelPositive carbon-free NH3 production systems on their farms, allowing them to produce all of the carbon-free NH3 they need for fertilizing, drying crops and operating their generators, farming equipment and other vehicles. The advantage to them is to be energy- and supply chain-independent, while significantly reducing their carbon footprint. For more details on our Fertilizer, please click here.

We are first targeting the agriculture sector to fill its fertilizer and power needs. That just makes sense since 80% of ammonia today is used in that sector. Farmers already know how to use it. We expect quick sales there, as well as income derived from the sale of carbon credits.

 

We are also exploring relationships for grid storage and enabling the hydrogen economy because that makes perfect sense, and to supply our carbon-free NH3 as fossil fuel replacement to the transportation sector.

 

We see green ammonia as a critical material to rapidly facilitate change as countries all around the globe seek to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions. The growth potential is massive.

Yes! At this early growth phase, FuelPositive is focused on the manufacturing of prototype systems that will be suitable for larger operations, such as farms. However, the technology is extremely flexible and we do plan in the future to develop systems allowing individual end-users to benefits of carbon-free NH3. Access to FuelPositive solutions should be universal.

We are starting off looking at farms that are mid-sized – roughly 30,000 acres. One of our systems producing 500 litres per day would be ideal for that.

 

We expect to scale up to be able to supply a high demand for carbon-free ammonia. But, our vision is to do that by selling our portable, scalable systems to end-users. We do not plan to create  massive refineries. We support decentralization.

Transportation

Interestingly, ammonia has been used historically as a fossil fuel replacement. During World War II, when access to fossil fuel was scarce, the conversion of existing internal combustion engines to run on ammonia was not uncommon. As well, NASA’s X-15 aircraft, which set speed and altitude records in the 1950s, was fueled by ammonia.

 

The fundamental reason that ammonia has not been adopted as a viable fossil fuel replacement is that the way traditional ammonia is produced has such a significant greenhouse gas footprint that the environmental benefit of converting internal combustion engines to run on ammonia just wasn’t there. However, now that we can produce carbon-free NH3 at an economical cost, we can safely say that green ammonia is an ideal fossil fuel replacement – ammonia burns carbon-free and we have 100 years of experience handling it safely.

 

With the introduction of the FuelPositive carbon-free NH3 technology, the overwhelming value of replacing fossil fuels with ammonia, both from an environmental and cost perspective, is indisputable. For more details on our Fuel, please click here.

Switching from fossil fuels to green ammonia offers an ideal transition strategy for Canada’s transportation sector as we adopt new practices to address climate change. Click here to view the Andre Mech Report.

 

The conversion of internal combustion engines to run on alternative fuels is a well-established industry and technology. Think of all the propane and natural gas conversions that have taken place over the decades and continue to take place today. The conversion of an internal combustion engine to run on ammonia is similar and well understood in the sector.

 

FuelPositive is talking to a number of groups who specialize in fossil fuel conversions today and we expect there will be many low-cost, industry-endorsed solutions in the near future.

 

Initially, we are targeting fleets, such as school bus companies, that house their vehicles between shifts and overnight. They will create their own fuel and fill up on site. Almost any vehicle on the road today can be converted at a low cost to run on ammonia, utilizing kits that will be developed for that purpose.  Gas stations can be adapted to produce, store and refuel vehicles with carbon-free NH3 produced with a FuelPositive system.  It should be noted that existing propane storage can be easily adapted to store carbon-free NH3. For more details on our Fuel, please click here.

We are starting off focusing on agriculture, because that is where 80% of traditional ammonia is used now. However, all of the transportation sector is interesting to us and we are engaging advisors who can help us navigate that complex sector. Rail, aviation and marine transportation are all areas where we could make a significant impact.

 

Please get in touch if you would like to discuss any ‘fuel-positive’ solutions with us.

Most people don’t realize it, but ammonia can be used as a fossil fuel replacement in gasoline, diesel and other fossil fuel burning engines and turbines. For more details on our Fuel, please click here.

 

By implementing a straightforward conversion process, FuelPositive’s carbon-free NH3 could be a suitable fuel for any vehicle on the road today, with no CO2 emissions.

 

And unlike hydrogen, there already exists a huge infrastructure for the storage and transportation of ammonia around the world.

 

FuelPositive is talking to a number of groups who specialize in fossil fuel conversions today and we expect there will be many low-cost, industry-endorsed solutions in the near future.

 

FuelPositive simplifies things even further by supplying smaller and scalable carbon-free NH3 production systems where the actual end-user consumption of the fuel takes place.

 

We can visualize a model where trucking companies use FuelPositive’s carbon-free NH3 fuel systems situated within their existing refuelling depots.

 

For urban transit and delivery fleets, the FuelPositive carbon-free NH3 technology can be installed strategically throughout their distribution and route networks.

 

Gas stations could be retrofitted to have FuelPositive carbon-free NH3 systems installed on site to produce and store clean fuel 24/7, in a process similar to refuelling a gasoline-, diesel- or propane-powered vehicle today.

 

Likewise, FuelPositive’s production systems could supply fuel for air, rail and marine travel.

 

The opportunities are endless. When the FuelPositive carbon-free NH3 technology is installed with access to a renewable energy source, carbon-free fuel can be available anywhere the modular and scalable FuelPositive system is located.

We are working on that. Converting a diesel tractor to use NH3 will require a kit, which will make the conversion straightforward.

FuelPositive is talking to a number of groups who specialize in fossil fuel conversions today and we expect there will be many low-cost, industry-endorsed solutions in the near future.

Preliminary figures indicate a comparable cost to converting from gasoline to propane.

 

Ammonia is much cheaper than gasoline or diesel to travel a specific distance. The miles per gallon rating for ammonia is a bit lower than diesel and gasoline – roughly 22 miles per gallon for ammonia versus 30 miles per gallon for gasoline and 34 miles per gallon for diesel. But the cost of ammonia per gallon is much cheaper than gasoline or diesel. One gallon of ammonia today will cost you $1.00, while gasoline and diesel the cost today is about $3.00 per gallon. So, you can travel 22 miles for $1.00 using ammonia while you could travel roughly 10 miles for $1.00 if using gasoline or diesel. 

Our system would not include an electrolysis unit. However, splitting some hydrogen from our carbon-free ammonia prior to combustion could be utilized for this purpose.

Safety

Ammonia is well known to pose a risk to human health via direct contact and inhalation. However, with 200 million metric tonnes of NH3 used per year, primarily in agriculture, the regulations, infrastructure and practices already exist for safe and extensive use of ammonia. As a fossil fuel replacement, there are a number of studies that have been done to illustrate the safety of ammonia relative to other fuels.  For example it has been determined that ammonia is far safer than highly flammable fossil fuels, and considerably more stable than hydrogen. Our carbon-free NH3 will not contribute to pollution. When used properly, in agriculture or as a fossil fuel replacement, the only discernable emissions will be water vapor, or in the case of agriculture, some hydrogen emissions which are completely inert. Nitrous Oxide (NOx) emissions, associated with traditional ammonia, will be avoided by using a modified catalytic convertor in engines and by injecting the liquid fertilizer deep into the ground (already standard practice) in farming. To summarize:
  • Green NH3 is safer than what we have now
  • Ignites at extremely high temperature (651C)
    • Much higher than gasoline, diesel, propane)
  • Lighter than air, rises when released
    • Dissipates into atmosphere without polluting
  • Detectable smell alerts people to go down-wind
  • NOx can be avoided with catalytic convertors and deep fertilizer injection
  • Resultant emission from our NH3 fuel is water vapor
Resultant emission from our NH3 fuel is water vapor

How do I invest in FuelPositive?

FuelPositive is traded in Canada on the TSX-V under the trading symbol NHHH.V and in the US is traded on the OTC Pink Sheets under the trading symbol NHHH.F.

You have an incredible opportunity to become a leader of the energy sector and save the planet: would you be able to paint a broad timeline for the commercialization of FuelPositive's Carbon-Free NH3?

We are extremely pleased with our recent announcements, including our partnership with National Compressed Air (NCA) for the build of our Phase 2 commercial prototype system. In Q4 we expect to have a fully functioning system developed and deployed in a demonstration pilot project. For more of our milestones, please visit our Business Model overview.

What is FuelPositive’s business model and what are your plans related to the manufacturing and distribution of your systems?

Please visit our Investor pages here to learn more about FuelPositive and our short-term milestones.

What is the status of the design/production of the prototype production unit?

We are very pleased with our partnership with National Compressed Air for the manufacturing of the Phase 2 commercial prototype system and are well on our way to realize this important milestone. For more details on our Business Model, please click here.

Is your technology patent protected?

Yes, all of the relevant intellectual property is assigned to the company. We have a very robust intellectual property protection program in place and have engaged the leading patent and trademarking law firm, Cassels Brock, to support our work. We expect to file for multiple provisional patents over the coming quarters and will press release these developments as appropriate.

What are the terms of the collaboration between the Company and Dr. Dincer and his team?

Dr. Dincer and his team are strategic advisors and lead technologists to the company. They have a vested interest in the successful commercialization of the technology and are collaborating with us daily.

Where does the Company see the FuelPositive Carbon-Free NH3 technology being rolled out first?

With 200 million metric tonnes of dirty ammonia consumed per year, 80%+ utilized by the agricultural sector, FuelPostive is initally targeting this sector to realize the greatest and most immediate environmental impact. We are in discussions with a number of farming entities who are deeply compelled by the potential of having in-situ FuelPositive Carbon-Free NH3 systems on their farms, allowing them to produce all of the NH3 they need for fertilizing, drying crops and operating their farming equipment. To learn more about the applications of the FuelPositive system, please click here

Why hasn’t ammonia been used as a fuel in transportation in the past?

Interestingly, ammonia has been used historically as a fossil fuel replacement. During World War II, when access to fossil fuel was scarce, the conversion of existing internal combustion engines to run on ammonia was not uncommon. The fundamental reason that ammonia has not been adopted as a viable fossil fuel replacement is that the way ammonia is produced today has such a significant greenhouse gas footprint that the environmental benefit of converting internal combustion engines to run an ammonia just wasn’t there. With the introduction of the FuelPositive Carbon-Free NH3 technology, the overwhelming value of replacing fossil fuels with ammonia, both from an environmental and cost perspective, are indisputable. Learn more about how FuelPositive will be benficial in the transportation industry here 

Why are small, modular and transportable systems preferable to much larger, centralized ammonia production?

FuelPositive believes that smaller and scalable modular carbon-free ammonia systems will have profoundly positive acceptance around the world. As the necessity to decentralize many inefficient global systems accelerates, (both for the sake of efficiency and for the independent access to commodities like fuel and fertilizer) nothing is more important than feeding the planet in a sustainable manner and to provide an entirely carbon-free means of transportation. We can’t continue to exist on Earth without these key imperatives in place. Smaller systems, designed specifically for end-use applications, will allow farmers, transportation companies, transit commissions and isolated communities, (to name but a few) to have the means of production to meet their direct energy and fertilizer needs. This is a deeply liberating concept that will allow end-users to truly have independence from global systems that have profoundly and negatively affected the global environment and economies for centuries.

What is the likelihood that NH3 will be a viable alternative as a replacement for fossil fuel internal combustion engines?

The conversion of internal combustion engines to run on alternative fuels is a very well established industry and technology. Think of all the propane and natural gas conversions that have taken place over the decades and continue to take place today. The conversion of an internal combustion engine to run on ammonia is very similar and quite well understood in the sector. We are talking to a number of groups who specialize in fossil fuel conversions today and we expect that there will be many low-cost, industry endorsed solutions in the near future.

Can I power my off grid home with carbon-free NH3?

Yes! However at this early development phase FuelPositive is focused on the development of systems that will be suitable for larger operations such as farms, transporation companies or small communities. However, the technology is extremely flexible and we do plan in the future to develop systems in such as way as to ultimately allow for individual end-users to benefit.

Who are your competitors in the Carbon-free NH3 technology field? Why don’t we need to worry about them?

There is a lot of attention on ammonia as a potential fossil fuel replacement with research being conducted around the world. Our competitive advantage in this space is the technology that FuelPositive acquired from Dr. Dincer and his team that has meaninful and demonstrable benefits over any existing process we have seen. For more information on the acqusition and our partnerships that we have undertaken, please visit our News section here 

When do you expect to make money?

Over the next couple of quarters we expect that we will enter into a number of licensing agreements that will begin to generate revenue for the company. For information on our Business Model, please click here

Will people as well as corporations be able to have their own C-Free NH3 system installed?

Our intention is to provide systems that meet the needs of individuals, communities and small, medium and large size businesses around the world. Access to FuelPositive solutions should be universal.

How safe is NH3?

With 200 million metric tonnes of NH3 used per year, primiarily in agriculture, the regulations exist for its safe and extensive use. As a fossil fuel replacement, there are a number of studies that have been done to illustrate the safety of ammonia relative to other fuels, for example it has been determined that ammonia is far safer than highly flammable fossil fuels, and more stable than hydrogen.

Is there a friendly and informative NHHH investor discussion space on the web?

Yes, please send an email to [email protected] to join or to receive more information. 

FuelPositive