Over 80% of the world’s demand for ammonia comes from agriculture, as ammonia is used to help add nitrogen, an element that is essential for plants, back into soil that has been depleted by growing crops. Nitrogen (N) is essential to farming. Ammonia (NH3 – one molecule of nitrogen and three molecules of hydrogen) is an extremely efficient carrier of nitrogen.
Agriculture is the first sector FuelPositive will be entering. Our carbon-free NH3 system allows farmers to economically produce, on site, the amount of ammonia they need, thereby avoiding supply chain dependence and fluctuations – with no carbon emissions.
Small and large-scale farms will use FuelPositive’s in-situ production systems where there is access to sustainable electricity to independently generate their own carbon-free NH3 to use as fertilizer for their fields and as fuel for their farming equipment, generators, coolers and grain-drying equipment.
FuelPositive’s current project with National Compressed Air Canada Ltd. will identify exactly how much sustainable electricity will be required to adequately supply farms of varying sizes with green NH3 produced by its in-situ systems. Where sustainable electricity isn’t already available, we will be able to advise farmers how best to set themselves up with it – whether they use hydroelectric power or windmills or solar panels, etc.
FuelPositive believes that the practice of injecting its green ammonia deep into the soil is the best solution to the issue of how we keep our farms well fertilized, while protecting our environment. Deep injection is a common practice already with traditional ammonia. It allows the nitrogen to be released where it’s needed and the hydrogen to safely evaporate into the atmosphere.
FuelPositive’s green NH3 systems will give farmers energy independence. They will produce sufficient carbon-free NH3 on site to fertilize their crops and power their internal combustion engines, generators and other farm equipment. They can even convert their propane crop-drying systems to burn carbon-free NH3 to realize an exceptional environmental benefit. Ammonia can be safely stored in existing pressurized propane tanks with very little modification, thereby reusing the existing capital investment in propane storage.
Why not just use manure?
Ammonia must be handled with care to avoid damage to the environment.
Manure contains ammonia that is “naturally” produced. For mixed-use farms (those that have livestock and crops) manure (a natural by-product of livestock) is a “free” form of fertilizer but extremely environmentally costly down the road. Not to mention the growing cases of horrifying animal cruelty and lives lost along the way.
Farmers spray liquid manure on the ground, which releases gaseous ammonia into the atmosphere and creates a situation where rain and runoff move a tremendous amount of highly nitrogen-intense materials into waterways and water tables, causing significant detrimental effect (pollution) to air and water quality.
Resting manure piles release gaseous ammonia into the atmosphere, which becomes a pollutant, particularly when the gaseous ammonia mixes with other airborne pollutants.
In comparison to using manure as fertilizer, deep injection of carbon-free NH3 eradicates the emissions associated with manure.